FM Symposia

FM Symposia


International Flora Malesiana Symposia

Flora Malesiana Symposia have been held since 1989.

Flora Malesiana 11, Brunei, 2019

The Universiti Brunei Darussalam hosted FM11 from the 30 June to 5 July 2019.  The symposium brought together over 300 participants from 23 countries, including key regional stakeholders and scientists working on the taxonomy, systematics, ecology, cultivation and conservation of the Malesian flora.

For more information, see

For more conference photos, see our Facebook photo albums.

Flora Malesiana 10, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, 2016

The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh hosted the 10th International Flora Malesiana Symposium under the theme ‘Classify, Cultivate and Conserve’ between the 11th and 15th of July 2016.

For more information, see

Proceedings were published in Sibbaldia.

Group Photograph

Flora Malesiana 9, Bogor, Indonesia, 2013

The 9th International Flora Malesiana Symposium was hosted by the Herbarium Bogoriense (Botany Division, Research Center for Biology, The Indonesian Institute of Sciences) under the theme ‘Contributions of Flora Malesiana to the welfare of people in Asia’.

Flora Malesiana 8, Singapore, 2010

Singapore Botanic Gardens hosted the 8th International Flora Malesiana Symposium in August 2010.

Proceedings published in Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore (2011) 63(1-2). Wong, K.M. (ed.) (2010). Proceedings of the 8th Flora Malesiana Symposium. Singapore: Singapore Botanic Gardens.

Flora Malesiana 7, Leiden, Netherlands, 2007

Proceedings published in Blumea (2009) 54(1-3). Hovenkamp, P. (ed.) (2009). Proceedings of the 7th Flora Malesiana Symposium. Leiden: Nationaal Herbarium Nederland.

Flora Malesiana 6, Los Baños, Philippines, 2004

Flora Malesiana 5, Sydney, Australia, 2001

Proceedings were published in Telopea (2003) 10(1): Everett, J. & Wilson, P.G. (eds). Proceedings of the 5th International Flora Malesiana Symposium 2001. Sydney: Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2003.

Flora Malesiana 4, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1998

Proceedings: Saw, L.G., Chua, L.S.L. & Khoo, K.C. (eds) (2001). Taxonomy: the cornerstone of biodiversity. Proceedings of the Fourth International Flora Malesiana Symposium 1998. Kuala Lumpur: Forest Research Institute Malaysia.

Flora Malesiana 3, London/Kew, UK, 1995

Proceedings: Dransfield, J., Coode, M.J.E. & Simpson, D.A. (eds) (1997). Plant Diversity in Malesia III: Proceedings of the Third International Flora Malesiana Symposium 1995. Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens.

Flora Malesiana 2, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 1992

Flora Malesiana 1, Leiden, Netherlands, 1989

Proceedings: Baas, P., Kalkman, K. and Geesink, R. (eds) (1990). The Plant Diversity of Malesia: Proceedings of the Flora Malesiana Symposium Commemorating Professor Dr. C.G.G.J. van Steenis. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.